HUBUNGAN PENGELUARAN, SKOR POLA PANGAN HARAPAN (PPH) KELUARGA, DAN TINGKAT KONSUMSI ENERGI-PROTEIN DENGAN STATUS GIZI BALITA USIA 2-5 TAHUN

Faridi, Ahmad and Sagita, Rezanov HUBUNGAN PENGELUARAN, SKOR POLA PANGAN HARAPAN (PPH) KELUARGA, DAN TINGKAT KONSUMSI ENERGI-PROTEIN DENGAN STATUS GIZI BALITA USIA 2-5 TAHUN. ARGIPA (Arsip Gizi dan Pangan), 1 (1). pp. 11-21.

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Official URL: https://journal.uhamka.ac.id/index.php/argipa/

Abstract

ABSTRACT Nutritional problem was a complex problem that could be viewed from a variety of factors directly and indirectly causes the problem of malnutrition is described in the frame of UNICEF (1998). The objective of study was to determine the relationship of food expenditure, score of Food Pattern Expectancy (PPH), and the level of energy protein consumption and nutritional status of children aged 2-5/year. This research used cross sectional study. Percentages on income level was greater than or equal to Rp1.236.991,00/month amounted to 92,1% and 7,9% with income of less than Rp 1,236,991/month. Based on index of W/A, 85,5% of respondents had a good nutritional status, poor nutritional status of 3,9%, moderate status of 9,2%, and 1,3% overweight. Children under 5 years old had normal height more than stunting. Most of the respondents 12 Volume 1, Nomor 1, Januari─Juni 2016 had less energy intake (53,9%), 36,8% had more protein intake, protein intake adequate of 28,9%, and protein intake was less by 34,2%. Most of the respondents (93,4%) had a good socio-economic level. The family that had ideally food pattern expectancy were 2,6% and 97,4% not ideal which is the ideal PPH score> 100%. There was no relationship between age, sex, number of family members, father's education, father's occupation, mother's occupation, energy intake, and protein intake with nutritional status (W/A). There was no correlation between the total score of PPH, socioeconomic, and nutritional status (H/A). The statistical test found that there was a relationship between maternal education and family income with infant nutritional status (W/A). ABSTRAK Masalah gizi merupakan masalah kompleks yang dapat dilihat dari berbagai faktor penyebab langsung dan tidak langsung terjadinya masalah gizi kurang yang digambarkan dalam kerangka pikir UNICEF (1998). Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian Cross Sectional. Persentase terbesar ada pada tingkat pendapatan lebih atau sama dengan Rp1.236.991,00/bulan sebesar 92,1% dan sebesar 7,9% dengan tingkat pendapatan kurang dari Rp1.236.991,00/bulan. Berdasarkan indeks BB/U, sebesar 85,5% responden mempunyai status gizi baik, status gizi buruk sebesar 3,9%, status gizi kurang sebesar 9,2%, dan status gizi lebih sebesar 1,3%. Berdasarkan indeks TB/U, balita yang mempunyai tinggi badan normal lebih banyak dibandingkan yang tidak normal (72,4%), sangat pendek (13,2%), pendek (11,8%), dan tinggi (2,6%). Sebagian besar responden mempunyai asupan energi yang kurang (53,9%). Sebesar 36,8% mempunyai asupan protein lebih, asupan protein baik sebesar 28,9%, dan asupan protein kurang sebesar 34,2%. Sebagian besar (93,4%) responden hidup dalam keluarga dengan tingkat sosial ekonomi mampu. Hampir seluruh (97,4%) responden memiliki skor pola pangan harapan tidak ideal. Umur, jenis kelamin, jumlah anggota keluarga, pendidikan ayah, pekerjaan ayah, pekerjaan ibu, asupan energi, dan asupan protein tidak berhubungan dengan status gizi balita (BB/U). Tidak ada hubungan antara total sosial ekonomi dan skor PPH dengan status gizi balita (TB/U). Pendidikan ibu dan pendapatan keluarga berhubungan dengan status gizi balita (BB/U).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Status gizi, PPH, Tingkat konsumsi energi protein, Nutritional status, Food Pattern Expectancy, Energy protein consumption level
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: ST Bahar Sobari
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2018 01:22
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2018 01:22
URI: http://repository.uhamka.ac.id/id/eprint/498

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