Determinants of cigarette smoking among school adolescents on the island of Java, Indonesia

Bigwanto, Mouhamad and Mongkolcharti, Aroonsri and Peltzer, Karl and Laosee, Orapin (2017) Determinants of cigarette smoking among school adolescents on the island of Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 29 (2). ISSN 2191-0278

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Abstract

Background: The Integrated Model of Change has successfully explained the behavior change process. Cigarette smoking is a social phenomenon, which needs to be understood for devising effective preventive strategies. Objectives: The study aims to apply the Integrated Model of Change to determine predictive factors of cigarette smoking behavior among school adolescents in Indonesia. Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study was designed to collect data in Banten, Indonesia. A total of 698 students from eight high schools were recruited by multi-stage cluster sampling. The association between cigarette smoking and the independent variables was examined by multiple logistic regressions. Results: The majority of respondents (86.4%) were between the ages of 15 and 17  years (Mean = 16.4 years; SD = 1.01). Approximately half (48.8%) of the students ever tried a cigarette while 29.6% were current smokers. Curiosity was reported as the main reason for experimenting with cigarettes (32%). The significant factors regarding current cigarette smoking were attitude [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.68], social norms (AOR = 12.80), self-efficacy (AOR = 15.85), and accessibility (AOR = 4.39). Conclusion: The study revealed social influence and selfefficacy that were strongly associated with cigarette smoking can help authorities in guiding possible intervention programs for school adolescents.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescents; cigarette smoking; high school; Indonesia
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: admin repository uhamka
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2017 03:47
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2017 03:47
URI: http://repository.uhamka.ac.id/id/eprint/366

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